alanya escort manavgat escort fethiye escort kemer escort didim escort çanakkale escort Aydın escort muğla escort tekirdağ escort manisa escort balıkesir escort trabzon escort elazığ escort ordu escort kütahya escort ısparta escort rize escort maraş escort yalova escort giresun escort yozgat escort tokat escort şanlıurfa escort sivas escort batman escort erzurum escort sinop escort kırşehir escort karaman escort kırıkkale escort bolu escort amasya escort niğde escort uşak escort edirne escort çorum escort osmaniye escort zonguldak escort van escort erzincan escort Hatay escort Aydın escort İzmir escort Ankara escort Antalya escort Bursa escort İstanbul escort Kocaeli escort Konya escort Mardin escort Mersin escort Samsun escort Sinop escort Tekirdağ escort Rize escort Amasya escort Balıkesir escort Çanakkale escort Bolu escort Erzincan escort Şırnak escort Adana escort Van escort Yozgat escort Zonguldak escort Afyon escort Adıyaman escort Bilecik escort Aksaray escort Ağrı escort Bitlis escort Siirt escort Denizli escort Burdur escort Diyarbakır escort Edirne escort Düzce escort Erzurum escort Kırklareli escort Gaziantep escort Giresun escort Kilis escort Kars escort Karabük escort Kırıkkale escort Kayseri escort Kırşehir escort Malatya escort Maraş escort Manisa escort Muş escort Muğla escort Kastamonu escort Ordu escort Nevşehir escort Sakarya escort Osmaniye escort Şanlıurfa escort Sivas escort Trabzon escort Tokat escort Ardahan escort Bartın escort Karaman escort Batman escort Bayburt escort Bingöl escort Elazığ escort Gümüşhane escort Hakkari escort Eskişehir escort Isparta escort Yalova escort Uşak escort Iğdır escort Ankara escort Bursa escort Antalya escort Kocaeli escort İzmir escort Konya escort Diyarbakır escort Samsun escort Mersin escort Hatay escort Malatya escort Muğla escort Tekirdağ escort Kütahya escort Aydın escort Manisa escort Trabzon escort Balıkesir escort Afyon escort Sivas escortÇanakkale escort Isparta escort Yalova escort Giresun escort Kahramanmaraş escort Şanlıurfa escort Ordu escortTokat escort Yozgat escort Çorum escort Erzurum escort Elazığ escort Aksaray escort Kastamonu escort Kırklareli escort Rize escort Kırıkkale escort Burdur escort Karabük escort Kırşehir escort Bilecik escort Niğde escort Amasya escortUşak escort Edirne escort Sinop escort Düzce escort Erzincan escort Karaman escort Osmaniye escortadana escort ankara escort antalya escort balikesir escort sakarya escort bodrum escort bursa escort denizli escort eskisehir escort gaziantep escort hatay escort izmir escort izmit escort kocaeli escort konya escort manisa escort mersin escort samsun escort samsun escort sanliurfa escort tekirdag escort adana escort adiyaman escort afyon escort agri escort aksaray escort amasya escort ankara escort ardahan escort artvin escort aydin escort balikesir escort bartin escort batman escort bayburt escort bilecik escort bingol escort bitlis escort bolu escort burdur escort bursa escort canakkale escort cankiri escort corum escort denizli escort diyarbakir escort duzce escort edirne escort elazig escort erzincan escort erzurum escort eskisehir escort gaziantep escort giresun escort gumushane escort hakkari escort hatay escort igdir escort isparta escort istanbul escort izmir escort izmit escort kahramanmaras escort karabuk escort karaman escort kars escort kastamonu escort kayseri escort kibris escort kilis escort kirikkale escort kirklareli escort kirsehir escort kocaeli escort konya escort kutahya escort malatya escort manisa escort mardin escort mersin escort mugla escort mus escort nevsehir escort nigde escort ordu escort osmaniye escort rize escort sakarya escort samsun escort sanliurfa escort sinop escort sivas escort tekirdag escort tokat escort trabzon escort usak escort van escort yalova escort yozgat escort zonguldak escort
metals and nonmetals

The surface of the Earth has many different types of elements available. From simple soil to expensive metals, it is filled with essential non-living things. All these materials are used for some of the purposes. 

These elements are classified into Metals and Nonmetals. There are 118 elements present in the periodic table, among which 95 are metals, and 18 are nonmetals. The periodic table is given below. 

Before studying the physical and chemical features of metals and nonmetals, we need to know what are metals and nonmetals. Let us study more about metals and nonmetals.

What are Metals?

Metals are solid substances which are thermal conductivity, high electricity ductility, etc. The metals can be classified into Alkaline Earth Metals, Alkali Metals, Transition Metals, Lanthanides and Actinides. 

In a periodic table, you will also find metalloids that fall in between metals and nonmetals. 

These elements exhibit the nature of both metals and nonmetals. We will find metal ore in almost every place on the surface of the Earth. Some of the examples of metals are aluminium, sodium, magnesium, mercury, etc.

Metals exhibit a lot of different physical and chemical features which are completely different from nonmetals. Let us discuss the physical and chemical features of metal. 

Physical Features of metals

Metals have a lot of physical features. Some of them are as follows:

  • Metals are malleable in nature. Due to this property, metals can be used to make thin wires. These wires do not break easily and can retain for a longer period. 
  • Metals are soil, except mercury, as it is always in a liquid state. But, almost every metal is available in its solid form. Aluminium is a soft solid metal.
  • Metals can conduct heat and electricity. It is one of the best properties of metal. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and cannot melt or break easily due to its sturdy nature.
  • Metals are very lustrous, which is why metals are used to make jewellery. Also, the metals used to make jewellery do not react with the skin easily. The lustrous surface helps to make the metal jewellery shiny and eye-catchy.
  • Metals are very strong, sturdy. It is not very easy to break metal; we will need a lot of hitting to distort any metal.
  • Metals are very heavy, and one cannot carry a lot of metal from one place to another.
  • Metals can produce sound. Due to this nature, many musical instruments are made with metals.
  • Metals are opaque objects as light cannot pass through them.
  • Metals have a very high melting and boiling point. It also has a very high density.

Chemical features of metals

Some of the chemical features that almost every metal has are as follows:

  • If metals are left outside in the weather, they can easily get corroded.
  • Metals can easily form oxides as they can react with oxygen and change their form immediately. Like if sodium comes in contact with oxygen, it will immediately form sodium oxide.
  • As metals can lose their electrons easily, it is electropositive element. 
  • Metals are very good reducing agents due to their being an electropositive element.
  • Metals have 1 to 3 electrons present in their shells. 

How do we get metals?

Metals are extracted from metal ores to get the pure form of any metal. There are many steps that we need to follow to extract metal from any of its ores. 

The metallic ores are first classified into highly reactive metals, medically reactive metals, and low-reactive metals. Then these metals are extracted by following a few steps.

What are nonmetals?

Nonmetals are those elements that can easily react with metal and do not exhibit any properties of metals. In the periodic table, the numbers of nonmetals are much lesser than the numbers of metals. Nonmetals can easily react with metals and can change their form. 

Some of the examples of nonmetals are hydrogen, nitrogen, helium, neon, etc. Like metals, nonmetals also possess physical and chemical features. Let us discuss some physical and chemical features of nonmetals.

Physical Features of Nonmetals

Every element has different physical features. The physical features of nonmetals are as follows:

  • Nonmetals are malleable in nature; hence, they can be rolled into wires as they are hard.
  • Nonmetals are brittle. Due to this, they can break easily and become fragile.
  • Nonmetals can be in solid, liquid or gaseous state at normal room temperature. 
  • Nonmetals are poor conductors of heat and electricity. Hence, they are insulators that can be used to protect metals as they cannot conduct heat or electricity easily.
  • Nonmetals are transparent, as you can see clear pictures from the other side of the passage of light.
  • Nonmetals are non-sonorous as they cannot produce any kind of sound.

Chemical features of nonmetals

Nonmetals possess a lot of chemical features. The chemical features of nonmetals are as follows:

  • Nonmetals can accept or gain valence electrons, i.e., they can easily accept negative electrons from metals or any other element.
  • Nonmetals can easily react with oxygen and form acidic oxides. For example, nitrogen can easily react with oxygen to form nitric oxide, a very harmful and strong acid. 
  • Nonmetals never react with water. Even though there is oxygen present in the water, they cannot react with it. 
  • Nonmetals are highly electronegative in nature. They can accept negative electrons.
  • Nonmetals have 4 to 8 electrons in their shells.
  • Nonmetals are very good oxidising agents that can go through the oxidation process by simply accepting or reducing negative electrons.

 Conclusion

Metals are nonmetals that are completely different elements that can react with each other to form new elements. Metals are used in our daily lives in the form of utensils, jewellery, electric wires etc. All these elements are useful in some ways. 

On the other hand, nonmetals are used to protect us from getting burnt from too much heating of metals or covering the metal wires with nonmetals as they are insulators. There is a lot more about metals and nonmetals, which are very interesting. 

So, you should read more about them to gain complete knowledge.

Leave a Reply