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Common illness and Conditions Explained with Treatment

Common illness and Conditions Explained with Treatment 

In this article, we sort out some common illness and conditions and their treatment. Learn more about the diseases as well as it’s risk factors and how to prevent it.

The 2020-21 budget allocation to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare saw an increase of 3.8% as against the previous year’s revised estimates. Although a notable increase, healthcare expenditure in the country as a percentage of GDP remains inadequate.

Not to mention, the financial burden of health problems in India is largely borne through out-of-pocket expenses. Now, while funding remains a continued struggle, some common illnesses weigh more on the country’s total disease burden than others. 

Thus, although India’s overall health and well-being have statistically improved, the ground realities of some persistent illnesses pose a significant challenge for individuals.

A thoughtful approach to these health problems in India can, however, help individuals restore their physiological well-being. Take a look at some of these common illnesses and medical conditions, along with their causes and treatments.

Common health conditions, their causes and treatments


Cardiovascular diseases


Medical conditions related to the cardiovascular system of the human body are not only prevalent but also among the top contributor to the country’s total deaths at close to 25%. Notably, Indians contract heart diseases as early as 10 to 15 years than in the West on an average.

Experts link such early symptoms to a sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy food habits and lack of physical activity. While early diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases is treatable with medication and lifestyle changes, advanced cases require surgical interventions. 

Add to it the financial burden a family has to bear for these treatments that often come costly at the best healthcare facilities. The availability of financial tools like the Bajaj Health Card only helps address these health concerns with ease and affordability.


Mild to severe respiratory conditions


Respiratory diseases in India have been a common cause of concern for individuals across all age groups. While mild respiratory conditions are easily treatable, other chronic and long-term issues require disciplined medical intervention for proper treatment and cure.

While the causes of these health conditions are external factors such as environmental pollution to personal choices like smoking, some respiratory health problems in India are more common than others.

For instance, respiratory conditions like asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD continue to stifle the quality of life across urban and rural regions in India. The prevalence of COPD in India is estimated to be between 5 and 7.5%.

Most respiratory diseases require the patient to undergo medication and other therapeutic treatments over an extended period, with conditions like asthma only made manageable through extended healthcare assistance.


Malignant and non-malignant tumors


Tumor growths in different parts of the human body are another of severe health problems in India. These can be both non-malignant and malignant, with the latter tending to develop into types of cancer more often than not. 

Mostly developed due to an unbalanced lifestyle leading to increased toxicity and radiation ionization in the body, tumor developments are also linked to genetics.

Treatment for most tumor developments requires surgical intervention, with developments of cancer undergoing more extended treatment plans including a mix of medication, surgery, chemotherapies, etc. 

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and preventive healthcare assistance can reduce the risk of developing a malignant or non-malignant tumor. Individuals must seek immediate medical help for the treatment of these conditions when detected. 


Communicable diseases


Vector-borne and other communicable illnesses like bacterial and viral infections are also one of the major health problems in India. While vaccination and immunization drives have significantly pulled down the risk of contracting these diseases, health conditions like diarrhea and malaria are still prevalent, risking the life of individuals.

With as much as 95% of the total Indian population residing in areas identified as malaria endemic-prone zones, the risk remains high. One must thus make sure to exercise preventive care and seek immediate medical help if disease symptoms are noticeable.


Mental illnesses


Mental health issues like depression and anxiety are quite prevalent today, with severe disorders manifesting as bipolar issues, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and the likes. Patients with a mental illness often exhibit significant behavioral changes.

Treatments for various mental health problems in India include a multi-pronged approach, comprising medications, group sessions, brain stimulations, etc.

While these and many other common illnesses continue to hinder one’s quality of life, their treatment also involves significant financial setbacks.

The availability of financial tools like the Health Card, however, ease the burden of immediate financial stress and provide sufficient funds to receive timely and adequate treatment. A health EMI network card from Bajaj Finserv comes with utility across 5,000+ partner medical facilities in more than 1,000 cities in India.

These cards also defer the financial burden of medical treatment of up to Rs.4 lakh and allow for repayment in EMIs over a tenor of up to 24 months, thus offering flexibility. Once you have applied for a health card, you can receive instant approval.

Utilize the card to meet the healthcare financing requirements of all family members and repay affordably. With treatment possibilities for a wide range of health problems, these cards come as a comprehensive financing solution.

Summary: Until recently, Genomics OR precision medicine has mostly been referred to patients with Cancer. Its application and effective use in cardiovascular diseases has been minimal.

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