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Diagnosis of Infertility in Men and Women

Diagnosis of Infertility in Men and Women 

Sometimes conceiving is not easy for many couples. This is where consulting a doctor can become a necessity who can guide you better by planning a proper medical approach for you.

The Infertility process is not easy and can be physically, emotionally, and monetarily draining for couples. This process is expensive, uncomfortable, and does not guarantee success even after several attempts at treatment.

When you consult a practitioner for not being able to conceive, they will run some tests to find out what is the cause of infertility in both, males and females.

Diagnostic analysis for men

To get pregnant, male testicles need to produce strong sperms, which in contact with female eggs help in the process of fertilization of the embryo, thus helping in conceiving.

A diagnostic test helps in determining if there is any impairment in the process, for which your doctor will include the following test to check for male infertility:

Semen analysis

In this process, your practitioner will analyze the semen specimen from the sample collected through ejaculation.

Checking hormones

The doctor will check for hormonal imbalances in men such as the levels of testosterone present in the body, which are necessary for maintaining the process of fertilization.

Testing for faulty genes

Your practitioner will go for genetic screening to see if there is any defect in your genes, that is causing infertility. 

Testicular biopsy

In certain scenarios, if a doctor feels that there are abnormalities, they will run a testicular biopsy to assure if there is anything that is leading to infertility. If there are no abnormalities, the doctor will collect semen to use for infertility treatment such as IVF.

Other investigation

There are certain other tests where the doctor might want to check the nature and quality of sperm to evaluate for DNA abnormalities.

For women, certain tests are commonly included in the general examination for the diagnosis of infertility

OBGYN is a term that’s thrown around regularly, but not often fully understood. It stands for “Obstetrician-gynecologist” and defines medical professionals who have made it their business to help women retain reproductive health. An OBGYN examines the reproductive components of the female with varying methods including a physical examination. Sometimes issues in reproduction have to do with health issues, sometimes they’re a simple matter of the time of the month or other factors. OBGYN professionals additionally help with the installation of varying birth control measures at the behest of their patients; it all depends on the situation. Working with an OBGYN in Dallas such as the professionals available through the hyperlink can help you determine fertility through a number of different methods that are known to be successful, but can vary per individual. Some methods will reveal more information than others, so it’s essential to have vetted OBGYN professionals help you determine which solution will be best for your particular situation. The following are a few methods they may suggest to determine your fertility.

Ovulation testing

A simple blood test is done to see if there is any hormonal imbalance, which is messing up the ovulation process.

Ovarian reserve testing-

After checking the hormonal level, the doctor will conduct another test where they check the availability of the eggs in the female body. They also advise the test for checking the optimal level of hormones in ovaries and pituitary that can affect the conceiving process.

Imaging test

A gynecologist will check for any kind of abnormalities through ultrasound and sonogram by infusing a saline solution to look into the uterus and ovaries.


This test is done for inspecting any kind of tube obstruction and overall condition of the uterus. A contrast X-ray is also sometimes advised, to see if there is an easy flow in tubes.

Several rarely used tests are:

Hysteroscopy and laparoscopy are rarely used tests that are done in case the doctor feels that the above-mentioned tests are unable to diagnose the cause of the condition.


This test is done to check for urinary diseases that may be causing infertility in women. A device goes through the cervix into the uterus and checks the causes for abnormalities. Whereas in laparoscopy, it is a minor surgery where a device with a camera is put in by making a small slit in the stomach to check abnormalities.

The doctor advises the treatment for fertility depending upon the cause, age and duration of trying for the baby.

In conclusion

Many times infertility has no cure, but couples can still go for assisted ways of getting pregnant which are advised by the doctor. Changing lifestyle and taking your medication on time will help in fastening the process.

Even after treatment, there is no guarantee of a positive outcome. If you find these tests and treatment emotionally challenging, you should get a counselling for infertility, which is the best way to approach it. Your health practitioner will prove to be a great support throughout this phase.

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