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Manual Testing Explained And Full Overivew

Manual testing is the process of verifying if a manufactured good is of high quality and whether it is operating in accordance with the requirements.

What use does manual testing serve?

The practice of carrying out test cases and examining the application to look for any deviations from the intended behavior without the use of any tools is known as Manual testing in software testing.

The oldest and most significant kind of testing, manual testing aids in the discovery of software system defects. 


Entry and Exit Criteria: What Are They?


Entry Criteria: 

These outline the necessary tasks that need to be finished in order for testing to start.


Exit Criteria: 

These specify the tasks that need to be finished in order for the testing to be called off.


Analyzing requirements: 

This is the initial stage

as the testing team receives access to the SRS.  The result of this phase is the requirement traceability matrix.

  • Obtaining the Need from the Client
  • Analyzing and identifying any requirements that are vague or confusing
  • documentation of requirements in the form of use cases
  • Determining the testing’s scope
  • Getting Ready Requirement The Traceability Matrix


Test Case Design: 

The next stage is to turn these functional or business requirements into use cases after we obtain the Traceability matrix.


Implementation and Execution: 

In this stage, test designs and produced test cases will serve as the foundation for the testers’ test case execution.  The results of this phase are the Execution Status and the Bug report.


departure Criteria and Reporting: 

The focus of this STLC phase is on reporting and departure criteria. There are various report formats (DSR: Daily Status Report; WSR: Weekly Status Report). You can choose to send out a daily, weekly, or other frequency of reports based on your project process and stakeholders’ preferences.


Activities for Test Closure:- 

  • Verifying the test’s completion is a part of this phase.  In the open state, there shouldn’t be any High Severity or Priority flaws.
  •  Make a document outlining any fresh insights from the entire cycle or any takeaways from meetings.


Manual testing types that are carried out:

Black Box Testing

Software testing that verifies an application’s behavior

or requirements-based testing. Using this method,

the tester attempts to evaluate the functionality

deep understanding of its internal design.

Testing of GUIs

 GUI testing examines how the application

(toolbar, menu bar, Progress Bar, Scrollbar, dialog boxes, windows, etc.) A real person had to evaluate the application’s appearance and feel and make improvement suggestions for this kind of testing.


System Examination

Testing in manual testing of the system as a whole, comprising all of its parts is known as system testing. 

Assessment of Acceptance

Acceptance testing is a type of testing used to evaluate whether the software system has fulfilled the requirements. This test’s primary goal is to assess how the system behaves in relation to the functional and business requirements and confirm that it satisfies the requirements for end-user delivery.

There are several types of acceptability testing, including:

  1. Acceptance Testing for Users
  2. Alpha Examining
  3. Beta Testing


Tests of Function

Functional testing, as its name suggests, is a kind of black box testing used to verify that an application’s or system’s functionality is operating as intended.

Testing Databases

Tables with connections between them make up databases. Databases might not be the same type and may be located on separate servers.