Code and data are
organized differently in the
Selenium automation framework, which makes code maintenance easier. Without frameworks, people might keep data and code in one location, which is not readable or reusable. Positive outcomes from using frameworks include increased code readability, reduced maintenance costs for scripts, increased portability, and greater code reuse.
why is the
Selenium Framework recommended?
The breadth of testing has
been greatly increased via automation testing,
which ensures that users will
have a flawless experience across a variety
of browsers and devices.
The use of Selenium automation testing has become essential in guaranteeing
compatibility across browsers.
Selenium is a prominent player
in the market for software testing
tools, serving both well-established
companies and up-and-coming startups.
In context, Selenium is
used by over 57,000
organizations globally and commands a sizeable market
share of 24.63% in software testing solutions.
Although Selenium is mostly used by computer
software and IT services companies, it is also useful in
a variety of other industries, such as financial services, healthcare, staffing, and recruiting.
Different Selenium Framework Types
Selenium offers three main kinds of frameworks for automating human test cases.
Framework Driven by Data
The Automation testing with selenium tool imports external data sets, frequently kept in Excel sheets, for use in the data-driven architecture. It can be difficult to manually change these values in the script for each test when a
lot of data sets are used
as input for the test framework.
To solve this, the data
sets are kept apart from
the original script, which enables the script to
obtain the required input from the Excel sheet containing the data set as needed. This split improves the durability of the framework by making script adjustments easier without affecting the data sets.
As a result, you can easily run a single test across all of the data sets that are present in the table without having to modify the code for each one separately.
Framework Driven by Keywords
The main functionality of the
keyword-driven framework is
defined by particular keywords that accept parameters and provide the
relevant output. The script may contain repeating portions when a significant amount
of functionality needs to be covered by the code.
used to abstract
and reduce the code’s
complexity in order to lessen this.
Within this architecture, procedures and actions are
composed separately from the script and
organized as keywords. These keywords
are called from
within the code
and are kept in
file, usually an Excel sheet. Testers can keep track of each feature independently using this method, which arranges the keywords neatly in a table.
You can change any one of these keywords without changing the others, giving you flexibility and simplicity in management.
Framework Driven by Hybrid
A combination of the data-driven and
keyword-driven frameworks is
represented by Selenium’s Hybrid Driven Framework. Many keywords and data types are
used in this framework, and inputs
and function lists are
kept in separate files. It uses a single code for various data sets, just like the data-driven framework.