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What is the Selenium Framework?


Code and data are

organized differently in the

Selenium automation framework, which makes code maintenance easier. Without frameworks, people might keep data and code in one location, which is not readable or reusable. Positive outcomes from using frameworks include increased code readability, reduced maintenance costs for scripts, increased portability, and greater code reuse.

For automation,

why is the

Selenium Framework recommended?

The breadth of testing has

been greatly increased via automation testing,

which ensures that users will

have a flawless experience across a variety

of browsers and devices.

The use of Selenium automation testing has become essential in guaranteeing

compatibility across browsers.

Selenium is a prominent player

in the market for software testing

tools, serving both well-established

companies and up-and-coming startups.

In context, Selenium is

used by over 57,000

organizations globally and commands a sizeable market

share of 24.63% in software testing solutions.

Although Selenium is mostly used by computer

software and IT services companies, it is also useful in

a variety of other industries, such as financial services, healthcare, staffing, and recruiting.


Different Selenium Framework Types

Selenium offers three main kinds of frameworks for automating human test cases.


Framework Driven by Data

The Automation testing with selenium tool imports external data sets, frequently kept in Excel sheets, for use in the data-driven architecture. It can be difficult to manually change these values in the script for each test when a

lot of data sets are used

as input for the test framework.


To solve this, the data

sets are kept apart from

the original script, which enables the script to

obtain the required input from the Excel sheet containing the data set as needed. This split improves the durability of the framework by making script adjustments easier without affecting the data sets.


As a result, you can easily run a single test across all of the data sets that are present in the table without having to modify the code for each one separately.


Framework Driven by Keywords

The main functionality of the

keyword-driven framework is

defined by particular keywords that accept parameters and provide the

relevant output. The script may contain repeating portions when a significant amount

of functionality needs to be covered by the code.

Keywords are

used to abstract

and reduce the code’s

complexity in order to lessen this.


Within this architecture, procedures and actions are

composed separately from the script and

organized as keywords. These keywords

are called from

within the code

and are kept in

an external

file, usually an Excel sheet. Testers can keep track of each feature independently using this method, which arranges the keywords neatly in a table.


You can change any one of these keywords without changing the others, giving you flexibility and simplicity in management.


Framework Driven by Hybrid

A combination of the data-driven and

keyword-driven frameworks is

represented by Selenium’s Hybrid Driven Framework. Many keywords and data types are

used in this framework, and inputs

and function lists are

kept in separate files. It uses a single code for various data sets, just like the data-driven framework.